Ozone is a strong oxidizing agent. The oxidation power of ozone is higher than that of regular diatomic oxygen, 20% higher than that of chlorine, and is in fact second only to the highly dangerous element fluorine. This property allows ozone to be widely used as a sterilizer and cleaner of air and water. Ozone actively reacts with aromatic organic compounds, like benzene, resulting in the destruction of the aromatic ring. Ozone interacts with unsaturated hydrocarbons to destroy the double carbon bonds. Unlike other oxidants, the decomposition of ozone produces pure diatomic oxygen gas and a smaller amount of singlet oxygen, which further sterilizes atmospheric pollutants. None of these substances lead to the formation of carcinogenic substances, such as the reaction products of chlorine or fluorine.
Ozone destroys all known germs without mercy: bacteria, viruses, protozoa, fungal spores, cysts, etc., are all annihilated with the application of ozone. With ozone being 51% stronger than chlorine and effective up to 15-20 times faster than chlorine, ozone is in a class by itself in the field of air purification. Polio virus is killed with ozone concentration of 0.45 mg / l after 2 minutes, whereas chlorine takes 3 hours at 1 mg / l. Ozone reactions on bacterial spore formation are also 300-600 times stronger than chlorine. To date, ozonation of air is the most economical and efficient approach to disinfection of air. Additionally, ozonation of air is 1.5-5 times more effective than treatment with ultraviolet (UV) rays and also uses approximately one-sixth of the energy compared to cleaning with UV radiation.
Ozone at 100% concentration kills 95.5% of E. coli, 99.9% of the deadly staphylococcus aureus bacterium, and 99% of the influenza virus. Ozone at 100% concentration also destroys different types of mold.
Advantages of ozone:
- Easily penetrates into any gap in the appliance and in the material.
- Ozonation can disinfect and remove stubborn odors in a single operation.
- Furniture, clothing, textiles, machinery, and household items may remain in the room. They, too, will be disinfected and deodorized. (The smell of ozone can be trapped in the fibers of clothing, carpeting, and upholstery up to 4 days.)
- Ozone is safe for food.
- Ozone leaves no handling of hazardous substances. There is no need to wash the area well after ozonation.
- Ozonation is an environmentally friendly way to disinfect and deodorize. Ozonation leaves no residue. After completing its work, ozone simply falls apart and turns into oxygen.